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Symptoms of Gum Disease

Some symptoms of gum disease are more obvious than others. Because the disease often progresses silently, recognizing these symptoms can help you prevent or halt its spread. At Pine Belt Periodontics, PLLC, we believe patient education is the cornerstone of good oral health, especially when preventing or combating gum disease. Our in-office treatments usually involve patient education as well.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the first and most common stage of gum disease, making it the easiest to prevent and treat. However, many of the symptoms are painless and unnoticeable, meaning most people do not know they have the disease. Without the knowledge of these symptoms, the disease is likely to progress to more advanced stages.

Symptoms of gingivitis include gum inflammation, dark red discoloration, and gums that tend to bleed easily during flossing. At this stage, your periodontal pockets may be two to four millimeters in depth. Healthy pockets are one to three millimeters deep.

Symptoms of Early Periodontitis

When gingivitis progresses to early periodontitis, the initial symptoms may worsen. At this stage, the infection has also spread beyond the gum tissue to the periodontal ligaments and underlying bone. The periodontal pockets are usually between four and five millimeters deep.

Symptoms of Moderate Periodontitis

Without treatment, the disease will progress to moderate periodontitis. At this stage, the infection will lead to moderate levels of bone deterioration. Gum recession may also occur, leaving your roots exposed to more plaque and bacteria. Exposed roots can result in sensitivity issues with your teeth.

As the gums and bone continue to deteriorate, your teeth may become loose. The infection may also spread to your bloodstream and cause an inflammatory response throughout your body. At this point, your periodontal pockets will be between five and six millimeters.

Symptoms of Advanced Periodontitis

During the final stage of periodontal disease, advanced periodontitis, you may experience pain while chewing. The infection can also cause a foul taste in the mouth and extremely bad breath. At this point, your periodontal pockets are deeper than six millimeters, and the roots of your teeth are exposed.

Due to severe bone loss, tooth loss is likely. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in the United States. If we diagnose you with advanced periodontitis, immediate treatment is required. In some cases, you may need surgical intervention to get your periodontal health back on track.

Three Types of Periodontitis

The three major types of periodontitis include:
•  Chronic Periodontitis: This type affects mostly adults and is typically caused by plaque buildup. This is the most common type of periodontitis.
•  Aggressive Periodontitis: This type usually begins during childhood and only affects a small number of people. Most of the time these people are a part of the same family due to a genetic predisposition to the disease.
•  Necrotizing Periodontal Disease: This type is characterized by the death of gum tissues, periodontal ligaments, and the supportive bone. It can be very painful.

Schedule Your Appointment

If you think you may have gum disease, it is important to take action as soon as possible. Call (601) 255-9929 to schedule your appointment today!

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Pine Belt Periodontics, 9 Medical Blvd., Hattiesburg, MS 39401 \ (601) 255-9929 \ \ 5/31/2023 \ Associated Words: Periodontist Hattiesburg MS \